30 artificial glaciers created in Kyrgyzstan

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, Kyrgyzstan plans to construct four artificial ice reservoirs in the Batken and Leilek districts of the Batken regio in 2024.

According to the data from the Association "Kyrgyz Jaiyty," 30 artificial ice reservoirs have been created in various regions of the country.

The first artificial ice reservoir in Kyrgyzstan was established in 2022 on the remote pasture of Kara-Dobo in the territory of the aul district of Kashka-Suu, Aksy district, Jalal-Abad region.

In 2023, in the same region, two more artificial ice reservoirs were created on the Kol pasture near the village of Olon-Bulak and on the Kok-Sai pasture near the village of Kara-Bashat, as reported by Cabar.asia.

Rural residents took on the construction themselves, and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations provided technical and financial support.

According to the head of the Kashka-Suu aul administration in the Aksy district of the Jalal-Abad region, Shekerbek Kamchybek uulu, $5,500 was allocated for the creation of the artificial ice reservoir.

According to Jyldyz Toktomamatova, the national project manager of the FAO UN project "General Prosperity through Cooperation in the Border Regions of Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan," artificial ice reservoirs solve the problem of regulating the water balance on remote pastures and create conditions for seasonal pasture rotation.

"During the melting period, artificial ice reservoirs provide livestock breeders with water for drinking, household needs, and watering cattle," she said.

Artificial ice reservoirs are created by freezing a water fountain at a negative air temperature. As a result, ice towers up to 30-50 meters high are formed, depending on the water pressure and altitude difference. The higher the altitude difference, the higher the water pressure, and accordingly, the height of the ice reservoir.

All that is needed for the construction of an artificial ice reservoir is the laying of an underground pipeline (route) at a distance of approximately 1000 to 3000 meters from the source (spring), depending on the terrain relief. The natural water flow is fed into the installed vertical pipe, which is about 15-20 meters high.


February 15, 2024